Here we are going to tell you How Long Does Pneumonia Last its treatment, causes, doses and indications. Pneumonia vaccines are vaccines that help protect against diseases caused by bacteria known as pneumococcal disease or streptococcal pneumonia. Vaccines can help protect you from the pneumococcal illness for many years.
One of the most common causes of pneumonia is infection with pneumococcal pneumonia.
These bacteria mainly affect the lungs and sometimes can cause life-threatening infections in the bloodstream (bacteremia) or other parts of the body, including the brain and spine (meningitis).
A pneumonia vaccine is particularly recommended if you belong to any of these age groups.
- Less than two years: 4 injections (2 months, four months, six months, then a boost from 12 to 15 months.
- Sixty-five years or more: Two injections.
- 2 to 64 years: 1-3 vaccines if you have a specific disorder in the immune system or if you are a smoker
- Pneumococcal disease is common in infants and young children, so be sure to vaccinate the infant. However, it is important to start vaccination around the age of 65 because older people are at increased risk for life-threatening complications of pneumonia infection.
You may receive one of two pneumonia vaccines:
- a pneumococcal vaccine (PCV13 or Prevnar 13)
- a pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23 or Pneumovax 23).
Other Things Keep in Mind:-
- Both vaccines help prevent pneumococcal complications, such as bacteremia and meningitis.
- During your life, you will need multiple pneumonia vaccines. A 2016 study found that, for those aged 64 and older, PCV13 and PPSV23 vaccines provide the best protection against all strains of bacteria that cause pneumonia.
- Do not bring them too close. You have to wait about one year between each shot.
- Before receiving an injection, check with your doctor that you are not allergic to any of the ingredients used to make these vaccines.
- No one should receive these vaccines. If you have had a severe allergy in the past, avoid PCV13:
- Vaccines made with diphtheria toxoid (such as DTaP)
- Another version of the shot called PCV7 (Prevnar)
- Previous injection of pneumonia vaccine
- Avoid PPSV23 in the following cases.
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Allergic to the ingredients of the injection
I had a severe allergy to the PPSV23 vaccine in the past
They are very sick
Immune system reactions following vaccination can cause side effects. However, keep in mind that the substances that make up a vaccine are usually pure sugar (polysaccharide) surfaces of bacteria.
You do not need to worry about the vaccine causing the infection.
- Low heat of 98.6 ° F (37 ° C) to 100.4 ° F (38 ° C)
- Irritation, redness, or swelling at the injection site
- Side effects also depend on the age at which you are vaccinated. Common side effects for babies include:
- can not sleep
- Irritable behaviour
- Eat food or have no appetite
- Rare but severe baby symptoms include the following:
- High heat over 101 ° F (38.3 ° C)
- Seizures caused by disease (febrile seizures)
- Itching due to rash or redness
- The most common side effects in adults are:
- It hurts where he was injected
- Hardness or swelling at the injection site
- People of all ages who have allergies to individual components of the pneumonia vaccine can develop some severe allergic reactions to the vaccine.
- A severe reaction that can occur is anaphylactic shock. This happens when the throat swells and blocks the trachea, making breathing difficult or impossible. If this happens, seek emergency medical attention.
- Even if you receive these vaccines, you can still have pneumonia. The two vaccines are each 50-70% effective.
- Effectiveness also depends on age and immune system safety. PPSV23 is 60-80% effective if the immune system is typical at the age of 64 or older, but lower if the immune system is at least 64 years old.
- Pneumonia vaccines are an effective way to prevent complications from bacterial infections.
- Get it at least once, especially if you are 64 or older. If you are a baby or have a condition that affects your immune system, we recommend that you get vaccinated according to your doctor’s recommendations.